JNTU-KAKINADA : I B.Pharmacy [R10] I & II Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations Results (Nov/Dec 2013)

I B.Pharmacy [R10] I Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations Results (Nov/Dec 2013)
Code:

http://www.schools9.com/jntuk-btech-btech-results1212.htm

I B.Pharmacy [R10] II Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations Results (Nov/Dec 2013)
Code:

OR

http://www.results.manabadi.co.in/KakinadaJNTU-IBTech-R10-ISem-Supple-Exam-Results-11122013.htm

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Workshop on Ethical Hacking at MGIT

ethical hacking

Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Technolgy
Department of Computer Science and Engineering
]in association with indianservers
Presents

Ethical Hacking Workshop(level-II)
on
September16th& 17th.
Registration Fee:RS 500/-
Topics to be covered
Revision of Level-I contents for first 1Hr like cracking passwords in 5secs
Facebook Zero Day Vulnerability with Exploit
Wifi Cracking
“Zero day Attacks”
Servers Hacking
CMS Sites Hacking
Advanced tools in Kali linux
Android Hacking from Scratch(Rooting)
5 cracking techniques
OWASP
Java Exploits
Beef
XSS
Hacking Online web users
Looooots more…
For More Details
Contact
Abdul 7416501323
Rupesh 8712348517
Anil 939377927
For More Details and RSVP: https://www.facebook.com/events/587517851290017/

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Two days Workshop on “SIXTH SENSE ROBOTICS” 4th & 5th October, 2013. Zonal Center – Jntuh, Kukatpally – 85

Two days Workshop on “SIXTH SENSE ROBOTICS” 4th & 5th October, 2013

Venue
TI Embedded Processing Centre
ECE Department, JNTUHCEH

Organized by
Department of E. C. E
JNTUH College of Engineering
Hyderabad – 500085

In Collaboration with
Educational Partners of Microsoft & IIT Bombay Padarth

Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University
The First Technological University of India, was established on 2nd October 1972 in Andhra Pradesh with head quarters located in a historical city Hyderabad. The University is one of the premier Universities in India accredited by NAAC with ‘A’ Grade. After successful and proven levels of appreciated existence and stature spanning over 36 years, JNTU has been divided into four different universities by Govt. of Andhra Pradesh, through Act No.30, Dt. 24th September, 2008.

One of the constituent colleges of the University “JNTUH College of Engineering, Hyderabad” is regarded as a pioneer in shaping the excellence of some of the leading organizations of the industry, by churning out the finest professionals with a resolve to scale greater heights in the technological scenario, every year.

About ECE Department
The Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, established in 1973, is instrumental in moulding the careers of students and helping them to become world-class professionals. Besides highly qualified and experienced staff and well-equipped laboratories, the Department has been awarded 8.1 points out of 10 by the State Board of Technical Education.

RoboCup 2014
IIT Bombay – Padarth and Microsoft Educational Partner (Virscent) are presenting “RoboCup – IIT Bombay” – the biggest event on Robotics in India. The event features students and professionals from all over the country where they showcase their knowledge and expertise and compete under the guidance of Industry Experts. “RoboCup – IIT Bombay” aims to bridge the gap between industry and education sector.

RoboCup – 2014 is the biggest championship on Robotics in the country!!!

The event will be conducted in three stages:
• Stage 1 – zonal event at colleges across India
• Stage 2 – competition at the end of the zonal event
• Stage 3 – Grand Finale and Award Ceremony at IIT Bombay – Apr’14

Championship Details:
• A two day workshop and a competition will be conducted across all the zonal centers in India
• Prize money worth Rs. 2 Lacs.

Contents:
• Color Recognition Application.
• Ball following robot.
• Gesture Controlled Robot.
• Gesture Controlled Mouse Pointer.
• Gesture controlled Windows Media Player/VLC Media Player.(demo)

What you get:
• A take away Mini Lab (For Group only)*.
• Authorized Certificate.
• Email Support after the Workshop.
Note: Any Interested candidate can enroll for buying the kit.

Course Outline:
• Introduction
• Image Processing
• Image acquisition in MATLAB
• Video Acquisition
• Sending serial and parallel data using MATLAB
• Implementing Image Processing on the kit and robot
• Testing Tour Skills
• Exposure to Advanced Level Robotics

Video link:

Registration Fee:
Rs. 1300/- per person.
Rs. 6500/- for a group of 5. (Free kit worth Rs. 3500/- will be provided per group)

Eligibility:
B.Tech and M.Tech students of any branch are eligible.

How to Apply:
Interested students may apply in the prescribed format which is available below.
DD (Non Refundable) (If Individual Rs. 1300/- or if group Rs. 6500/-)* should be taken in favor of “The Coordinator Robocup2014″ payable at Hyderabad.
The filled application form along with the DD should be strictly posted to the below address

The Coordinator,
Room no S4,
Robocup-2014 Workshop,
ECE Department,
JNTUHCEH, Kukatpally, Hyd-500085

Scanned copy of DD and application along with applicant names (If Group) should be strictly sent on or before 01-10-2013 4:00pm to jntuh.robocup2014@gmail.com.

Note:
Spot Registrations are allowed (Subject to the availability of vacancy)*, if informed through E-Mail at least one day before.
As the number of participants is limited, participants are advised to register well in advance of the scheduled dates.

For Registrations visit:
http://jntuh.ac.in//bulletin_board/T…1379584706.pdf

Important Dates:
Last date for registration: 01-10-2013
Time: Workshop begins sharply by 9.00 AM on 04-10-2013
Working hour lunch is provided.

For any queries contact:
Pramod Kumar – 9494948455, Srikanth – 9700470245, Silpa – 8125264375.

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JNTU-HYD : Percentage & Credits Calculator For MBA / MCA / M.Tech / M.Pharmacy (All Regulations)

Hi, Friends its not possible to check marks and calculate percentage from your Marks Memo every time when you needed and its time waste, so here is an ‘EXCELLENT file for you to store all your semester marks for all Branches of PG Courses students of all Regulations of JNTU-HYDERABAD.

This file shows graphical representation of percentage of each year, Credits achieved, Total marks and percentage of each semester and many more.Just add your internal, external marks & check your statistics.

M.Tech / M.Pharmacy Percentage & Credit Calculators
M.Tech (R13) M.Pharmacy (R13)
M.Tech (R09) M.Pharmacy (R09)

MBA/MCA Percentage & Credit Calculators
MBA (R13) MCA (R13)
MBA (R09) MCA (R09)

Results 3 Comments

Accenture : Openings for Non Voice Process @ Chennai

Accenture

Accenture plc is a multinational management consulting, technology services and outsourcing company headquartered in Dublin, Republic of Ireland.

Qualification : Any Graduate

Experience : Freshers

Job Location : Chennai

Job Role : Non Voice Process

Desirable Criteria :

* Graduates Fresher

* 2013 passout also can apply

* Eligibilty: 0-1 Yrs of Experience

* Good Communication

* Good in Typing

* Typing 30-35 WPM

* Flexible working in Night shift.

…………………………………………..

How to Apply for this Job ?

Step #1 : Submit Your Resume

Step #2 : Apply Online Here

News 1 Comment

Syntel’s Campus Recruitment Drive for 2013 / 2014 Passout : Last Date – 10th Oct 2013 @ All India

Syntel’s Campus Recruitment Drive for 2013 / 2014 Passout : Last Date – 10th Oct 2013 @ All India
Syntel Placement Papers Collection

“SYNTEL” CAMPUS RECRUITMENT DRIVE

Congratulations!!! Syntel started campus recruitment drive for 2013-2014 batch in the month of Oct-Nov’13.

As a next step, Syntel is starting with the student registration from following degree and branches:

Degree: BE/ B. Tech/ MCA

Branches: CS/ IT/ ECE/ EEE/ Electrical/ Computer Applications

The student registration ‘link’ is now live on www.monstercollege.in and students can start registering themselves.

The student registration activity will start on 4th October, 2013 and close on 10th October, 2013. I request all the students of 2013-2014 batch and get this activity completed before the said date. It is advisable to avoid last minute rush.

Steps for Student Registration:
Step 1:- students to visit www.monstercollege.in
Step 2:- If the student already has an account with us, they need to login and update their existing profile.
Step 3:- Otherwise they need to create their profile by clicking on the Signup link in the student section.
Online Test dates will be communicated to you and your shortlisted candidates (based on Syntel’s eligibility criteria) in a separate communication.

This student registration activity does not automatically qualify your students for the aforesaid campus drive, the qualification where of is at the sole prerogative of Syntel basis its selection and other criteria for selection. Syntel is not obliged to provide any reason in case of rejection.

In case of queries, please feel free to reach out to us on contact@monstercollege.in or Call us at +91 120-40243-21, 22.

Registration Link
Code:
http://student.monstercollege.in/reg…and=1381038317
Syntel – Selection procedure:

There are 3 processes
1. Written Test
2. Group discussion and
3. Technical and HR interview

Test Pattern
Number of questions: 45
Time duration: 45 Minutes
No Negative mark
Test Type: On line

Areas to concentrate
Number series
Blood Relation
Direction sense
Coding and decoding
Arrangement questions (Seating Arrangement)
Verbal ability
Reading comprehension
Sentence error correction
Correct spelling
Candidate Experience
Whole test paper
45 questions-45 minutes

NOTE: It was conducted online. You have to solve 45 questions in 45 minutes. You can’t go back to the previous question. If you don’t know then guess the answer and attempt to next question. There is no negative marking. Initial questions were very time consuming puzzles. Don’t give extra time to any question.

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RBI decreases dollar limit for students going abroad

RBI decreases dollar limit for students going abroad

With rupee’s rapid depreciation, coupled with RBI bringing down the amount of dollars one can take out of the country, students may have to trim expenses and redraw their strategy. This article offers quick solutions to tide over the crisis.

Students aiming for higher education in foreign universities are a bit nervous about their future.

A rapidly depreciating rupee was the first blow. The second one was from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) a few days ago. In its bid to arrest the free-falling rupee, the banking regulator has brought down the amount of dollar one can take out of the country from $2,00,000 to $75,000 in a financial year. “Education loans and remittances related to overseas studies are a part of the $75,000 limit, but if someone wants to remit a higher amount, they can do so with prior permission of the central bank,” says the RBI spokesperson.

That statement sure offers a ray of hope for those who have the wherewithal, but for others the only way out is to prune expenses and redraw the strategy to fund education.

education

“Almost 60-70% of students who go abroad will not find it difficult to adhere to this limit. However, in case of several programmes, particularly the MBA courses, the course fee itself will exceed the $75,000 limit,” says Naveen Chopra, founder and chairman of the Delhi-based overseas education consultancy firm The Chopras. That means the RBI move could have an impact on some management programmes immediately.

“The comfort level has already shrunk. Students who have enrolled in high-end universities or have taken up courses with huge course fee, will have a tough time,” adds Chopra.

Cutting corners

Most Indian students are known to lead an almost nerdy life in foreign universities. This habit, if inculcated, will sure help the future candidates. “Indian students are usually quite thrifty while studying abroad. In the US, for a post-graduation course, the annual fee is typically in the range of $25,000-40,000, on an average. Living expenses could be around $15,000 a year, depending on the lifestyle,” says Swati Salunkhe, managing director with career counselling firm The Growth Centre.

If your total expenses — including course fee and living expenses — in a financial year exceed $75,000, you will have to make some adjustments to your plan. That includes compromising on the university or institution you have always aspired for. “You can look for cheaper educational destinations. For instance, Australia, Germany, Singapore, and Canada are some of the countries that one can consider to pursue studies. The reasons are varied like low tuition fees or low living expenses and even work permits, which make these countries appealing,” says Salunkhe.

You should also look for options to secure scholarships and tuition waivers. Similarly, you can also try to get subject credits by shortening the duration of the course. “Students studying abroad can get the benefit of completing the course in lesser duration by taking up the subject credits during the vacation period given by the university. Most international students do not take break during the course of study and complete the required credits faster as it helps them reduce the course duration and also save on the travel costs. This is possible as the universities abroad provide flexibility for students,” adds Salunkhe.

Funding options

Obviously, obtaining a scholarship is the best way to fund your studies and overcoming the problems of restrictions on taking dollars out of the country. Another option is to take up part-time jobs. “They do, and need to, look for these jobs, irrespective of any constraint of bringing in dollars from India. Such income will help them fund their regular, day-to-day expenses,” says Chopra. Therefore, identifying the right assignment should be your first priority as soon as you are reasonably settled. “International students who are studying full-time courses in universities abroad are allowed to work part-time, generally 20 hours in a week, in most of the countries. These part-time jobs are generally on-campus and off-campus.

http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/photo/22079835.cms

Students have to complete the required formalities to work offcampus,” says Salunkhe. Off-campus jobs could include odd jobs in malls, restaurants, gas stations and shops. “US universities have more options of teaching assistantship. This is provided to students pursuing their master’s courses. They get a stipend amount for the same. Students who are pursuing researchbased courses have the option of getting research assistantships. Working in libraries, university stores, canteens are considered as on-campus part-time opportunities for students,” she adds.

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JNTU-HYD : B.Tech & B.Pharmacy 1,2,3,4 Years (I,II Sem) Regular/Supple Exam Provisional Time Tables (Nov/Dec 2013)

B.Pharmacy 1,2,3,4 Years (I,II Sem) Regular/Supple Exam Time Tables (Nov/Dec 2013)
1
B.Pharmacy I Year (R09,R07,NR,OR) Supple Time Tables
B.Pharmacy 2-1 (R09,R07,NR,OR) Regular/Supple Time Tables
B.Pharmacy 2-2 (R09,R07,NR,OR) Supple Time Tables
B.Pharmacy 3-1 (R09,R07,NR,OR) Regular/Supple Time Tables
B.Pharmacy 3-2 (R09,R07,NR,OR) Supple Time Tables
B.Pharmacy 4-1 (R09,R07,NR,OR) Regular/Supple Time Tables

B.Tech 1,2,3,4 Years (I,II Sem) Regular/Supple Exams Time Tables (Nov/Dec 2013)
Note : Just click on the respective Years/Semesters/Regulations to download the time tables.
R09 = For 2009, 2010,2011,2012 Regular and 2010, 2011,2012,2013 Lateral Entry admitted batches only.
R07 = For 2007, 2008 Regular and 2008, 2009 Lateral Entry admitted batches only.
R05 = For 2005, 2006 Regular and 2006, 2007 Lateral Entry admitted batches only.
RR = For 2002, 2003 and 2004 Regular and 2003, 2004 and 2005 Lateral Entry admitted batches only.
I Year Supple (R09) I Year Supple (R07)
I Year Supple (R05) 2-1 Regular/Supple (R09)
2-1 Supple (R07) 2-1 Supple (R05)
2-1 Supple (RR) 2-2 Supple (R09)
2-2 Supple (R07) 2-2 Supple (R05)
2-2 Supple (RR) 3-1 Regular/Supple (R09)
3-1 Supple (R07) 3-1 Supple (R05)
3-1 Supple (RR) 3-2 Supple (R09)
3-2 Supple (R07) 3-2 Supple (R05)
3-2 Supple (RR) 4-1 Regular/Supple (R09)
4-1 Supple (R07) 4-1 Supple (R05)
4-1 Supple (RR)

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MCA I and II Semester Recounting/Revaluation Results – March, 2013

CLICK HERE FOR RESULT

http://jntuh.ac.in/results/results/AUxWFAdDAx5REAAA

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RAILWAY GATE CONTROL

Description of the Project:-

Content-addressable memory (CAM) is a special type of computer Memory used in certain very high speed searching applications. It is also known as associative memory, associative storage, or associative array.

Content-addressable memory (CAM) is frequently used in applications,

such as lookup tables, databases, associative computing, and networking, that require high-speed searches due to its ability to improve application performance by using parallel comparison to reduce search time. Although the use of parallel comparison results in reduced search time, it also significantly increases power consumption. In this paper, we propose a Block-XOR approach to improve the efficiency of low power precomputation- based CAM (PB-CAM). Compared with the ones-count PB-CAM system, the experimental results show that our proposed approach can achieve on average 30% in power reduction and 32% in power performance reduction. The major contribution of this paper is that it presents practical proofs to verify that our proposed Block-XOR PB-CAM system can achieve greater power reduction without the need for a special CAM cell design. This implies that our approach is more flexible and adaptive for general designs

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this project is to Automate unmanned railway gate using mechatronics.

Project Definition:

The objective of this project is to manage the control system of railway gate using the microcontroller. When train arrives at the sensing point alarm is triggered at the railway crossing point so that the people get intimation that gate is going to be closed. Then the control system activates and closes the gate on either side of the track. once the train crosses the other end control system automatically lifts the gate. For mechanical operation of the gates 1.8 step angle stepper motors are employed. Here we are using embedded controller built around the 8051 family (AT89C52) for the control according to the data pattern produced at the input port of the micro controller, the appropriate selected action will be taken.. The logic is produced by the program written in Embedded C language. The software program is written, by using the KEIL micro vision environment. The program written is then converted in HEX code after simulation and burned on to microcontroller using FLASH micro vision.

WORKING METHODOLOGY:

Present project is designed using 8051 microcontroller to avoid railway accidents happening at unattended railway gates, if implemented in spirit. This project utilizes two powerful IR transmitters and two receivers; one pair of transmitter and receiver is fixed at up side (from where the train comes) at a level higher than a human being in exact alignment and similarly the other pair is fixed at down side of the train direction. Sensor activation time is so adjusted by calculating the time taken at a certain speed to cross at least one compartment of standard minimum size of the Indian railway. We have considered 5 seconds for this project. Sensors are fixed at 1km on both sides of the gate. We call the sensor along the train direction as ‘foreside sensor’ and the other as ‘after side sensor’. When foreside receiver gets activated, the gate motor is turned on in one direction and the gate is closed and stays closed until the train crosses the gate and reaches aft side sensors. When aft side receiver gets activated motor turns in opposite direction and gate opens and motor stops. Buzzer will immediately sound at the fore side receiver activation and gate will close after 5 seconds, so giving time to drivers to clear gate area in order to avoid trapping between the gates and stop sound after the train has crossed.

GATE CONTROL

Railways being the cheapest mode of transportation are preferred over all the other means .When we go through the daily newspapers we come across many railway accidents occurring at unmanned railway crossings. This is mainly due to the carelessness in manual operations or lack of workers. We, in this project has come up with a solution for the same. Using simple electronic components we have tried to automate the control of railway gates. As a train approaches the railway crossing from either side, the sensors placed at a certain distance from the gate detects the approaching train and accordingly controls the operation of the gate. Also an indicator light has been provided to alert the motorists about the approaching train.

Introduction:

The objective of this project is to manage the control system of railway gate using the microcontroller. When train arrives at the sensing point alarm is triggered at the railway crossing point so that the people get intimation that gate is going to be closed. Then the control system activates and closes the gate on either side of the track. once the train crosses the other end control system automatically lifts the gate. For mechanical operation of the gates 1.8 step angle stepper motors are employed. Here we are using embedded controller built around the 8051 family (AT89C52) for the control according to the data pattern produced at the input port of the micro controller, the appropriate selected action will be taken.. The logic is produced by the program written in Embedded C language. The software program is written, by using the KEIL micro vision environment. The program written is then converted in HEX code after simulation and burned on to microcontroller using FLASH micro vision.

AT89C51 Microcontroller

The Micro controller (AT89C51) is a low power; high performance CMOS 8-bit micro controller with 4K bytes of Flash programmable and erasable read only memory (PEROM). The on-chip Flash allows the program memory to be reprogrammed in-system or by a conventional non-volatile memory programmer. By combining a versatile 8-bit CPU with Flash on a monolithic chip, the Atmel AT89C51 is a powerful microcomputer, which provides a highly flexible and cost-effective solution to many embedded control applications. By using this controller the data inputs from the smart card is passed to the parallel port of the pc and accordingly the software responds. The IDE for writing the embedded program used is KEI L software.

Keil Micro vision Integrated Development Environment.

Keil Software development tools for the 8051 micro controller family support every level of developer from the professional applications engineer to the student just learning about embedded software development.The industry-standard Keil C Compilers, Macro Assemblers, Debuggers, Real-time Kernels, and Single-board Computers support ALL 8051-compatible derivatives and help you get your projects completed on schedule.

The source code is written in assembly language .It is saved as ASM file with an extension. A51.the ASM file is converted into hex file using keil software. Hex file is dumped into micro controller using LABTOOL software. At once the file is dumped and the ROM is burnt then it becomes an embedded one.

Step Motor Advantages

Step motors convert electrical energy into precise mechanical motion. These motors rotate a specific incremental distance per each step. The number of steps executed controls the degree of rotation of the motor’s shaft. This characteristic makes step motors excellent for positioning applications. For example, a 1.8° step motor executing 100 steps will rotate exactly 180° with some small amount of non-cumulative error. The speed of step execution controls the rate of motor rotation. A 1.8° step motor executing steps at a speed of 200 steps per second will rotate at exactly 1 revolution per second.

Step motors can be very accurately controlled in terms of how far and how fast they will rotate. The number of steps the motor executes is equal to the number of pulse commands it is given. A step motor will rotate a distance and at a rate that is proportional to the number and frequency of its pulse commands.

Step motors have several advantages over other types of motors. One of the most impressive is their ability to position very accurately. NMB’s standard step motors have an accuracy of +/-5%. The error does not accumulate from step to step. This means that a standard step motor can take a single step and travel 1.8° +/-0.09°. Then it can take one million steps and travel 1,800,000° +/-0.09°. This characteristic gives a step motor almost perfect repeatability. In motor terms, repeatability is the ability to return to a previously held position. A step motor can achieve the same target position, revolution after revolution.

COMPONENTS

The project consists of three main parts:

• 8051 microcontroller

• IR Transmitter

• IR Receiver

• Stepper Motor Circuit

• 8051 CONTROLLER

The I/O ports of the 8051 are expanded by connecting it to an 8255 chip. The 8255 is programmed as a simple I/O port for connection with devices such as LEDs, stepper motors and sensors.

The following block diagram shows the various devices connected to the different ports of an 8255. The ports are each 8-bit and are named A, B and C. The individual ports of the 8255 can be programmed to be input or output, and can be changed dynamically. The control register is programmed in simple I/O mode with port A, port B and port C (upper) as output ports and port C (lower) as an input port.

IR CIRCUITS

This circuit has two stages: a transmitter unit and a receiver unit. The transmitter unit consists of an infrared LED and its associated circuitry.

IR TRANSMITTER

The IR LED emitting infrared light is put on in the transmitting unit. To generate IR signal, 555 IC based astable multivibrator is used. Infrared LED is driven through transistor BC 548. IC 555 is used to construct an astable multivibrator which has two quasi-stable states. It generates a square wave of frequency 38kHz and amplitude 5Volts. It is required to switch ‘ON’ the IR LED.

IR RECEIVER:

The receiver unit consists of a sensor and its associated circuitry. In receiver section, the first part is a sensor, which detects IR pulses transmitted by IR-LED. Whenever a train crosses the sensor, the output of IR sensor momentarily transits through a low state. As a result the monostable is triggered and a short pulse is applied to the port pin of the 8051 microcontroller. On receiving a pulse from the sensor circuit, the controller activates the circuitry required for closing and opening of the gates and for track switching. The IR receiver circuit is shown in the figure below.

STEP MOTOR ADVANTAGES

Step motors convert electrical energy into precise mechanical motion. These motors rotate a specific incremental distance per each step. The number of steps executed controls the degree of rotation of the motor’s shaft. This characteristic makes step motors excellent for positioning applications. For example, a 1.8° step motor executing 100 steps will rotate exactly 180° with some small amount of non-cumulative error. The speed of step execution controls the rate of motor rotation. A 1.8° step motor executing steps at a speed of 200 steps per second will rotate at exactly 1 revolution per second.

Step motors can be very accurately controlled in terms of how far and how fast they will rotate. The number of steps the motor executes is equal to the number of pulse commands it is given. A step motor will rotate a distance and at a rate that is proportional to the number and frequency of its pulse commands.

Step motors have several advantages over other types of motors. One of the most impressive is their ability to position very accurately. NMB’s standard step motors have an accuracy of +/-5%. The error does not accumulate from step to step. This means that a standard step motor can take a single step and travel 1.8° +/-0.09°. Then it can take one million steps and travel 1,800,000° +/-0.09°. This characteristic gives a step motor almost perfect repeatability. In motor terms, repeatability is the ability to return to a previously held position. A step motor can achieve the same target position, revolution after revolution.

EMBEDDED SYSTEMS

Introduction:

An Embedded system is a combination of computer hardware and software, and perhaps additional mechanical or other parts, designed to perform a specific function.

Embedded systems are usually a part of larger, complex system. Dedicated applications, designed to execute specific activities, are implemented and embedded in systems. These embedded applications are required to collaborate with the other components of an enclosed system. Embedded application components interact mostly with the non-human external environment. They continuously collect data from sensors or other computer components and process data within real-time constraints. Embedded systems are usually associated with dedicated hardware and specific software.

• Embedding an application into system

• Application and system are closely tied together

• Collaborative application

• Dedicated H/W and specific S/W

• Interaction with non-human external environment

• Real-time systems are embedded systems


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